The Santa María de la Asunción Church still preserves traces of its Mudejar-Gothic origin despite the many additions and changes undergone to date. Its origin is likely between the 14th and 15th centuries when Ponce de León was granted the lordship of Mairena. Highlights in the sacristy include a chalice restored in Manila in 1787 and a painting of Our Lady of Guadalupe by Juan Correa, a prominent Mexican painter of the New Spanish Baroque. Both objects were donations.
The Church was assaulted on 19 July 1936, causing significant damage and losses.
Not only were paintings and statues lost. The main altarpiece was partially destroyed and had to be rebuilt with gold fragments donated by the neighbours. Its restoration was completed in the 21st century. The gable in the altarpiece holds the image of Saint Bartholomew, the patron saint of Mairena, who is taken in procession on 24 August, the day Mairena was conquered by King Fernando III in the 13th century.
The parish is also home to the Real y Muy Antigua Hermandad del Santísimo Cristo de las Ánimas Benditas del Purgatorio, the only Confraternity in the province that still has a chime choir that sings in the streets in November.
Monday to Saturday: 19:00
Sunday: 11:00 and 19:00