The Laguna del Gosque is an endorheic and seasonal wetland. It is located on flat terrain, in an area of undulating relief and gentle hills, near the Sierra de los Caballos, in the south of the province of Seville.
The Nature Reserve of the Endorreic Complex of Lebrija-Las Cabezas, together with that of Espera, are the last redoubt of a great lagoon system that ran through the entire countryside between Seville and Cadiz. Human activity has gradually reduced the wetland to the lagoons of La Cigarrera, Galiana, Peña, Pilón, Taraje (the only permanent one) and Charroao, known as Bujadillo or Herradura.
From a geological point of view, the Malpasillo reservoir is part of the Sub-Baetic unit of the Betic mountain ranges.
Like the rest of the wetlands located in the strip between the Baetic mountain range and the Guadalquivir Depression, this wetland area consists of three shallow lagoons: Zarracatín, Arjona and Alcaparrosa. Its seasonal nature makes it dependent on dependent of direct rainfall recharge; therefore, it is usually dry in the summer or during persistent drought.
Sierra Norte de Sevilla Natural Park, located in the north of the province of Seville, is a protected natural area that was declared a natural park in 1989.
This natural enclave is one of the most important in Europe. It is an extremely important wintering, migratory and breeding area for many bird species. Furthermore, it is one of the last havens for endangered wildlife species such as the Imperial eagle or the Iberian lynx.
The Peñón de Zaframagón is located between the towns of Olvera (Cádiz) and Coripe (Seville), in the last foothills of the Grazalema mountain range, where the Sub-Baetic range borders the River Guadalquivir depression.