Escalera Lagoon, which belongs to the group of endorheic lagoons in the Lantejuela area, is a temporary wetland with high salinity. As with the other nearby lagoons, it stands out for its ornithological importance as a feeding area for flamingos and other birds.
It is an attractive place for ornithologists. February to April is the best time to visit, after the winter rains.
The existing vegetation is influence by the seasonality of its waters and the use of the basin as a cropland. Although the lagoon originally had perimeter vegetation such as bulrush, reeds, rushes and tamarisk, today there are only a few tamarisk groves on the edges of a canal drilled in the centre of the lagoon. The only area with water during the summer. When the lagoon is full, there is a wide diversity of aquatic plants, mainly buttercups.
The fauna is similar to that of other similar, nearby lagoons. Nesting birds such as storks, mallards, coot and avocets are particularly noteworthy. The importance of this lagoon as a feeding area for flamingos and other birds, as well as a resting area for migratory birds, should also be highlighted.