“The Roman legacy in Seville” is a journey through the traces of Rome’s passage through the city and its province, which shows the visitor all the Monumental and Artistic Heritage that we treasure of this civilisation that once colonised and directed the known world.
This guide that served us as an inspiration to create this recommended plan is structured according to the routes of communication that the republican, and later imperial, civilisation built. These are the three main routes that go through the different towns of the province of Seville where the Roman legacy is most present: the “Vía de la Plata” (Silver route), the “Ruta Bética Romana” (Roman Baetic Route) and the “Vía Augusta”.
The fact that two of the most important emperors of Rome, Trajan and his adopted son Hadiran, were born and lived in Italica, in Santiponce, in what was once Old Seville, is reason enough to stop and think about what the Roman civilisation meant for our province, what were its vestiges, monuments, uses and traditions that survive to the present day and how all this can be a reason to create a Tourist Route and practice heritage tourism.
We begin our journey in Italica, located in Santiponce. Italica was a city founded by Scipio in 206 BC and came to occupy an area of approximately 52 hectares and is undoubtedly the best known and most touristic site and one of the most important ones in the province of Seville.
The next stop will be the town of Camas, where the well-known Treasure of Carambolo was found, a collection of gold work dated from 650 BC, consisting of 21 pieces of 24-carat-gold (16 rectangular plaques, a necklace, two pectorals or pendants and two bracelets) and a temple dedicated to the god Baal and the goddess Astarte. From there we will go to the town of Aznalcóllar, which the Romans would baptise as Tucci, and where you will be able to see some Roman remains existing both in the town centre and in the outskirts, the most important being the aqueduct that went to Italica.
From Aznalcóllar we will reach Gerena, known during Roman times as Vevera, and whose foundation legends attributed to the god Bacchus. After that, we will move to Guillena, where several Roman vestiges have been found; then to Burguillos, were many archaeological sites have been discovered, and Almadén de la Plata, with its rich marble quarries.
Our last stop on this route will be Guadalcanal, specifically in the area of the Castle of La Ventosilla, where we will find a Roman Castrum just 500 metres from the Hermitage of Guaditoca. This Roman construction dates from the 2nd century B.C. and it is believed that it was used to stop the thrust of the Celtiberian army. In addition, Roman Republican coins and slingshot glands were found, as well as remains of walls.